How many types of grapes for wine are there?

How many types of grapes for wine are there?.  Wine is supposed to be the most historically rich drink so far, but How many types of grapes for wine are there?
It occurs for the first time in the Neolithic, period between 4500-4000 a.C.

Its flavor, aroma and properties have been enjoyed in all corners of the world, from Asia to America through Oceania, Europe to Africa, and leaves no place to everything that indicates a common point: Wine is cause for celebration, union and friendship.
It is common culture, that everyone knows that there are two types of wine: red and white (going through all its variations). But beyond that, in order to understand a good wine, the grape variety with which it has been made is fundamental. In fact it could be considered the most important denominator when it comes to differentiating a good wine. That said, let’s understand and describe, how many grapes there are for wine in the world, today or at least the most notable.

How many types of grapes for wine are there?

If we differentiate the two existing categories of wine, red and white, we could catalog the grapes as follows:
1 Tempranillo
2 Garnacha
3 Syrah
4 Mencia
5 Cabernet Sauvignon
6 Toro ink
7 Pinot Noir
8 Mazuela
9 Cariñena
1 Green
2 Albariño
3 Gewürztraminer
4 Palomino
5 Muscat
6 Pedro Ximenez
7 Chardonnay
7 Macabeo Viura
It could be said that until nowadays, more than 1,368 varieties are known in the world approximately according to Wine Grapes, however we will focus on those mentioned in the list above.

Of extremely fruity flavor, and a characteristic color of the ruby, it is the Spanish noble grape by antonomasia.
Named thus since grapes are collected earlier than other varieties, being so appreciated especially in young wines.


Famous in all Spain, the Garnacha grape is excellent for the elaboration of rancid wines and of dessert, since it is quite fruity and fleshy.
However it does not age in the same way in barrel as the tempranillo.


French grape with an extended production in Australia, Syra is characterized by its ovoid shape and berry size.
With it are produced wines with flavors characteristic of the wild berries, thus remembering that intense red color.


Geographically located to the north of the Iberian Peninsula, the Mencia grape is characterized for being ideal for barrel aging. It produces wines with high acidity, fruity and with floral touches.

Cabernet Sauvignon

It is one of the grapes with greater repercussion worldwide, with a high antioxidant potential is suitable for aging wines, characterized by a flavor not only fruity and floral but also herbal.

Tinta of Toro

Considered a variety of the Tempranillo grape, the Toro ink is a small, spherical grape with flattened navel and dark blue.
Used for the production of rosé wines and reds of good quality with great personality and quite flavored flavor.

Pinot Noir

One of the grapes with greater historical extension, presents a high degree of difficulty for its cultivation and transformation in wine.
With it produces wines of a rather clear tonality to the traditional reds, rather soft and fresh fruity.


Ideal grape for aging because it presents little oxidative potential and a great acidity. The cariñena grape is suitable for the elaboration of the Rioja, characterized by a color of intense cherry and strong tannins.


A variety of the Cariñena with a strong color and strong tannins that presents great acidity, which needs dry climates with slightly moist autumns.
Ideal for the production of wood-bred wines, robust, bitter and vegetable.


Types of grapes for wine

We also have white grapes


Grape par excellence of the Denomination of Origin Rueda, is cultivated in the strip of the Duero and other areas of Castile.
It produces with it white wines of an acidity eloquent and with fruity touches. It is made with young wines with a pleasant bitter touch.


Geographically located in Galicia, the Albariño grape needs a cold and humid climate for its cultivation, leading to the production of acidic wines and quite refreshing due to its fruity and floral aromas.


Located on Germanic soil, it is considered a more intense mutation of the Treaminer grape.
Often, due to its great aroma, it is often confused with the Muscat.
The wines made from this grape have quite tropical aromas, sweet, floral with some spicy touch presenting a low degree of acidity.


It is a grape of great dimensions, variety of Jerez. It has good productions accompanied by a rigorous fertility.
Characteristic of the wines elaborated with this grape is the flavor that leaves fresh with a touch of bitter almonds.


Originally from the city with one of the most famous libraries in the world, Alexandria. This sweet grape is also used for the processing of raisins, because of its great large variety.
It is ideal for the production of wines with sweet aromas and mistelas reproducing to the flavor of the honey and the orange blossom, what makes that it has a high alcoholic graduation.

Pedro Ximenez

Cultivated in dry and warm climates, this grape presents standard dimensions of what is considered a grape today.
It is used for the production of white wines with high sugar content, generous, dry and sweet.


Its place of origin is the French Burgundy, is the most emblematic white grape worldwide.
It has a very compact, small and oval shape.
It is ideal for producing wines aged in wood due to its low oxidative potential.
Featuring a smoky touch in its flavor.


Grain of thick skins with dimensions ranging from what is considered medium to large, with a rather cylindrical shape.
It is ideal for the elaboration of aged wines in oak, predominating of that form the fruit and floral aromas.


How many grapes are there for wine in the world, today.
There are until today a variety of more than 1368 types of grapes for wine, approximately.
Each one deserves a careful attention, since they are responsible for the elaboration of one of the most enjoyed drinks worldwide.

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